On this page you will find links to published research, demonstrating the therapeutic / health benefits of many items available from the Calm Store.

Please note the research links below are a sample only – there are many more research papers available, for instance, at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

Please note, this content is for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.

Clicking on any of the external links below means you will leave the Calm Store website. Although we make every effort to ensure these links are accurate, up to date and relevant, we are not responsible for any of the content of external websites, or the accuracy of such content. If you come across any external links that don’t work, please feel free to let us know and we will update or remove the link accordingly.

Aromatherapy

Essential Oil Research Progress in Depression Treatment

Self-Aromatherapy Massage for Rheumatoid Arthritis Study

Dental Pain Perception and Olfaction Study

Neurotransmitter Levels in Dementia Patients with Insomnia Study

Aromatherapy for Preoperative Anxiety Study

College Student Test Anxiety Meta-Analysis

Olfactory Stimulus Effects on University Students Study

Lavender Efficacy in Sleep Disorders: Critical Review

Lavender Oil Effects on Student Sleep Quality and Fatigue

Aroma Inhalation Therapy Meta-Analysis on Sleep Problems

Cananga Odorata Essential Oil for Anxiety in Autism-like Rats Study

Incense Burning as a Psychoactive Antidepressant.

Ylang Ylang Oil Transdermal Relaxation Study

Bergamot Essential Oil Inhalation Study

Essential Oils and Mental Health: Central Nervous System Effects

Lavender Oil (Silexan) in Generalized Anxiety Disorder Study

Inhaled Essential Oils Effects on Sleep: A Systematic Review

Essential Oil Therapy for Behavioral Symptoms in Dementia Study

Inhaled Essential Oils for Mental Exhaustion Study

Lavender Essential Oil and Postpartum Sleep Quality Study

Lavender Essential Oil and Postpartum Sleep Quality Study

Agarwood Essential Oil Inhalation for Anxiety and Depression Study

Mentha × Piperita Essential Oil Cognitive and Mood Effects Study

 

Fidgets

Fidget Spinners for On-Task Behavior in Students with ADHD Study

Effects of Time, Fidgeting, and Mind Wandering on Attention and Lecture Retention Study

Stress Balls for Sixth-Grade Attention Focus Study

Passive Tactile Stimulation in Children with Attention Deficit Study

Fidget Spinners for On-Task Behavior in ADHD Students Study

Fidget Widgets: Exploring Embodied Self-Regulation Design

Pain and Anxiety Reduction During Surgery with Stress Balls, DVDs, and Conversation

Cancer Patients Overcoming Fear of Treatment with Stress Relief Techniques

Improved Complex Attention in ADHD Children with Fidgeting

 

Hobbies & Creativity

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17439760.2016.1257049

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28351155/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33581775/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26431536/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31817855/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35032746/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29708025/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30857405/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32245337/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30908136/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29441038/

 

Incense, candles, other fragrances

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5198031/#B14-scipharm-84-00724

https://faseb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1096/fj.07-101865

https://academic.oup.com/chemse/article/30/suppl_1/i248/270387?login=false

 

Journalling

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357577/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30530460/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17576282/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15704148/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23804013/

 

Magnesium

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27910808/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29882776/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33864354/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16542786/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36354243/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28654669/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27869100/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32503201/

 

Massage

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25172313/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32977216/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27502797/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30942526/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28659510/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25784669/

 

Meditation & Mindfulness

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12883106/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12883106/

https://bpspsychub.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/joop.12115

https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/images/uploads/Keng_Review_of_studies_on_mindfulness.pdf

https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/images/uploads/Weinstein-MindfulnessStress.pdf

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21135325/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21501665/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21058842/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20363650/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22363278/

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797613503853

https://pccondon.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/condon-et-al-2013-ps.pdf

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797612469537

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0005789404800285

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0018506X16300289

http://scottbarrykaufman.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Hanley-Garland-2016.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/306346260_The_Meaning_and_Doing_of_Mindfulness_The_Role_of_Values_in_the_Link_Between_Mindfulness_and_Well-Being

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17439760.2013.807353#.Uxo_d-ddWnA

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281887390_A_failure_in_mind_Dispositional_mindfulness_and_positive_reappraisal_as_predictors_of_academic_self-efficacy_following_failure

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-013-9836-9#page-1

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/5533960_Effects_of_a_mindfulness-based_intervention_during_pregnancy_on_prenatal_stress_and_mood_Results_of_a_pilot_study

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00737-012-0264-4

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08870446.2013.852670

https://academic.oup.com/scan/article/10/3/453/1656499?login=false

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270586990_Maternal_mindfulness_during_pregnancy_and_infant_socio-emotional_development_and_temperament_The_mediating_role_of_maternal_anxiety

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-015-0319-z

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-014-9920-9

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12671-016-0563-3

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0140197116300057

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264393931_Mindfulness-based_interventions_in_schools-A_systematic_review_and_meta-analysis

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272735815301409

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-013-9847-6

https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2011-28769-001

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263919667_Mindfulness_Training_and_Reductions_in_Teacher_Stress_and_Burnout_Results_From_Two_Randomized_Waitlist-Control_Field_Trials

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/mbe.12026

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19341981/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24101747/

https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2005-05099-004

https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2007-07751-003

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30153464/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26915053/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31903785/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28663069/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29933746/

 

Natural supplements

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29575228/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31481004/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32304038/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32713332/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34838432/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32272859/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26797633/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19865069/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15181652/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21601431/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34704015/

 

Salt lamps & blue light

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3047226/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28017916/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29101797/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30890197/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31752544/

 

Self help books

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27423162/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24487343/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15710643/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20515208/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18514614/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16942965/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12579544/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20473046/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29692281/

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/advances-in-psychiatric-treatment/article/use-of-written-cognitivebehavioural-therapy-selfhelp-materials-to-treat-depression/902D266E0DEC9AF0BC041286EB1C5551?utm_campaign=shareaholic&utm_medium=copy_link&utm_source=bookmark

 

Social emotional learning

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.3102/0034654308325693

https://srcd.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cdev.12864

https://www.eif.org.uk/report/adolescent-mental-health-a-systematic-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-school-based-interventions

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0741932514564564

https://srcd.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cdev.12864

https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED505369.pdf

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.677217/full

https://psycnet.apa.org/buy/2023-55252-001

https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302630

https://srcd.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01564.x

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9231796/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/366301585_What_we_know_and_what_we_need_to_find_out_about_universal_school-based_social_and_emotional_learning_programs_for_children_and_adolescents_A_review_of_meta-analyses_and_directions_for_future_research

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227662256_Emotion-regulation_ability_burnout_and_job_satisfaction_among_British_secondary-school_teachers

https://osf.io/mk35u/

https://learningpolicyinstitute.org/media/3977/download?inline&file=Evidence_for_SEL_REPORT.pdf

 

Soft toys

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34394770/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29325922/

https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2011-25344-008

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258282530_Embodied_Terror_Management_Interpersonal_Touch_Alleviates_Existential_Concerns_Among_Individuals_With_Low_Self-Esteem

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23273827/

https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1506

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/03/220309140929.htm

https://www.jamda.com/article/S1525-8610(17)30189-5/fulltext

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254735531_Comparison_of_Normative_and_Diagnosed_Dissociation_on_Attachment_to_Companion_Animals_and_Stuffed_Animals

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304038820_Stuffed_Animal_as_a_Source_of_Comfort_in_Group_Psychotherapy

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9175900

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3805974/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2352721818302262?via%3Dihub

https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/10.1521/pedi.2012.26.2.179

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2466/pr0.1996.79.2.624

https://www.cell.com/heliyon/fulltext/S2405-8440(16)30746-0?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS2405844016307460%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1948550611404707

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J016v25n03_09

https://www.painmanagementnursing.org/article/S1524-9042(12)00172-5/fulltext

 

Weighted blankets

https://jcsm.aasm.org/doi/10.5664/jcsm.8636

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17482631.2021.2009203

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S209549642030131X?via%3Dihub

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/11038128.2021.1939414

https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/24/12959

https://www.jpain.org/article/S1526-5900(21)00313-8/fulltext

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0929664619304462?via%3Dihub

http://cjon.ons.org/cjon/24/4/weighted-blankets-anxiety-reduction-adult-patients-receiving-chemotherapy

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32204779/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32536366/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36184925/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34106812/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34184958/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33913423/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34166155/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32051244/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35750505/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33317955/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32678376/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S209549642030131X?casa_token=O9PRwBMS4-EAAAAA:nYPSCJzolmnjUM93abRy9dmNIeb05fqgXqZWe0qptdl7z4mXPVeAKXcm7uKEh9svXy9fIq0